Noble gases such as argon and helium are utilized within the In-Gas Laser Ionization and Spectroscopy (IGLIS)  and Ion Guide Isotope Separation On-Line (IGISOL)  techniques to thermalize and transport nuclear reaction products, which often have short lifetimes and small production yields. To facilitate the spectroscopic studies of the properties of nuclear reaction products, thorough understanding and characterization of utilized gas flows are essential. Characterization was performed experimentally at both the IGLIS and IGISOL-4 laboratories and numerically using the Computational Fluid Dynamics (CFD) Module of COMSOL Multiphysics.
With the in-gas-jet method, an extension of the IGLIS technique, the spectral resolution is improved by more than one order of magnitude in comparison to in-gas-cell laser ionization spectroscopy , while maintaining a high eﬃciency. This allows the determination of nuclear properties with higher precision. The flow parameters of such supersonic gas jets were characterized at the IGLIS laboratory at KU Leuven using Planar Laser Induced Fluorescence (PLIF) and will be discussed in the first part of this talk. The projected temperature associated (Doppler) broadening, which can be attained with an upgraded in-gas-jet method, was estimated to be about 140 MHz for the No isotopes. Moreover, the numerical calculations were performed to obtain temperature, velocity and Mach number profiles of supersonic jets formed by a de Laval nozzle. The experimental and numerical in-gas-jet results agreed reasonably well for a range of coordinates after the nozzle’s exit .
Extraction efficiencies and delay times of subsonic helium and argon flows inside a fission ion guide are being characterized at the IGISOL-4 facility at the University of Jyvaskyla using a radioactive 223Ra α-recoil source (T1/2=11.4 d). The status of these measurements will be discussed in the second part of this talk. This characterization defines lower limits of production yields and lifetimes of the nuclear reaction products to be studied using gas cells.
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